Home General Data History Culture Politics Map Encyclopedia About Links
Biographies Phenomena s s s s s s s


With approximately 600,000, the municipality of Waterland is the fifth municipality of Kronenburg in terms of population density. It encloses the cities of Waterburg and Kaap Nassau and the villages of Garijp, Haerstee and Auerhaan. It borders Groningen in the north, and, separated by sea, Hinte in the west, Oranjewijk and Oosterland in the south and Dietzland in the east. The current form of Waterland came into existence in 2016, when several acres, including the villages of Garijp, Haerstee and Auerhaan were transferred to Groningen following a municipal redivision.

The city of Waterburg was founded in 1705, in a period of population growth caused by the second immigration wave of Frisians and Groningers and a first wave of Danes and other Scandinavians. The old Raadhuis ('town hall'), currently used as residence of princess Marianne, aunt of king Ernst I Frederik, is the oldest remaining building from that era. The current city hall was built after the second world war, as were most important and less important buildings in the city centre. The former city hall, which was used between 1822 and 1941, was accidentally destroyed during the invasion of the U.S., who took it for a bastion of the national socialist party NSPK - which was, in fact, not entirely untrue, because the then mayor Sipke Veenstra was a member of the NSPK.

The university of technology 'Kornelis Frankema', founded in 1949, was accomodated in an old primary school and only moved to its present location in 1967, at that moment at the borders of the city. The various buildings are located circlewise around a woody park, protected from the noise that is produced by the city nowadays. Kornelis Frankema was the inventor of some kind of telephone; due to various circumstances, his design nor his name became famous in the world. Frankema's telephone proved less useful than the one invented by Graham Bell and Frankema turned out to be very late promoting his invention. Frankema had been however the only real Kronenburgish inventor for a long time, which was reason enough to name the university after him, although Frankema's telephone isn't used even in Kronenburg.

Until recently, Waterburg was a somewhat gloomy industrial city. In the last fifteen or so years a large number of old warehouses was removed and green spaces were improved. One of the results of this policy is the Havenpark ('Harbour Park'), which was delivered in 1998 and which is located between the city centre and the old harbour. The old harbour looks a bit deserted since the bridges to Waterbocht and Friescheburg were completed in 1984, making most of the ferries redundant and leaving hardly any room for other activities at sea, such as fishery. Most jobs in this sector moved to the new harbour in the neighbouring town of Kaap Nassau, which has almost grown glued to Waterburg since. There are plans to transform the Waterburg watersides to a nice pedestrian esplanade with shops, pubs and trees, but the city council hasn't decided upon this yet.

Since 2006 the Centre for Cultural Co-operation 'Jan Ylieen', a cultural subdepartment of the AGL, has its seat in Waterburg. Before that, an auxiliary branche of the Mård-Instituut (the predecessor organisation of the Ylieen-Centre) was already located in Waterburg since 2003, responsible for the list of Cultural Heritage of the AGL.

Kaap Nassau
In this town the new harbour of Waterburg can be found. Combined with the fishing port that was already there, Kaap Nassau is almost completely made up of harbour. The town is located on a spit of land and has little space, but thanks to a fair amount of high-rise buildings - the appartments of which offer splendid views - Kaap Nassau is home to approximately 96,000 people. In the southern harbours the ferries to Rading (in Oosterland), Engelbert and Madaket (in Dietzland) can be found; through the nothern harbours you can take the ferry to Kassel and Portus Regius (both in Dietzland as well). Kaap Nassau also has an enormous marina.

The long Hoofdstraat (main street) of Kaap Nassau is the backbone of the town. Due to the narrow spit of land, there is hardly any other street that isn't connected to the Hoofdstraat. Apart from the standard shops that can be found anywhere, Kaap Nassau has many shops specialised in seaworthynesses and beach holiday materials. A well known chain of fish restaurants in Kronenburg, Scholten&Barbela, has its headoffice in this town.

Mayors of Waterland

1705 - 1729
1729 - 1755
1755 - 1768
1768 - 1771
1771 - 1779
1779 - 1786
1786 - 1788
1788 - 1805
1805 - 1813
1813 - 1823
1823 - 1828
1828 - 1838
1838 - 1846
1846 - 1867

Hendrik Sonnema Bylsma I
Lammert Dijkstra
Johannes Sonnema Bylsma
Hendrik Sonnema Bylsma II
Piter Hendriksz
Jelte Erasmus first term
Harmen Jellema
Jelte Erasmus second term
Eric Føre
Diderik Bosman
Abbe Jaltada
Wout Eppega
Leonard Sonnema Bylsma
Thorjan Holmbø

1867 - 1869
1869 - 1882
1882 - 1897
1897 - 1905
1905 - 1911
1911 - 1917
1917 - 1926
1926 - 1936
1936 - 1941
1941 - 1947
1947 - 1966
1966 - 1974
1974 - 1978
1978 - 1979

Hendrik Sonnema Bylsma III
Richard Visser
Geert Jansma
Diderik Eppega
Bart Aartsen de Wit
Leo Aartsen de Wit
Hans Ysebrandt
Elmer Fossema
Sipke Veenstra
Joseph Liebermann
Jelle Bijlsma Tadema
Janneke Abma-Vallens (f)
Alexander Popma
Hendrik Ramaker

1979 - 1992
1992 - 1996
1996 - 2006
2006 - 2013
2013 - 2015

Els Kamminga-Sonnema Bylsma (f)
Hendrik Fossema Jansma
Frans Bosman van Hoogeveen
Aletta Haaijer (f)
Ed Aarrestad