Kronenburg is a
constitutional monarchy and a paliamentary democracy. As such, the
head of state is the king or queen, who has limited political power.
The king or queen appoints the Advisor General after
Noordkamer-elections; mostly this is the leader of the party that
got the most votes and mostly the Advisor General becomes the next
prime minister - although these are more traditions than mandatory
courses of action. Furthermore, the king or queen proclaims the
Promulgation at the first Friday of February of each year, by which
the parliamentary year is opened. The head of state also has to
confrim bills that have been approved by the chambers of parliament.
He has however the constitutional right to refuse to do so. Such a
refusal would lead to nasty political and constitutional
complications, but such a situation has never arisen yet.
Elections to the
Noordkamer occur by proportional representation on the last
Wednesday of October at least every four years. After these
elections, the king appoints - as said - the Advisor General, who
tries to form a governing coalition, when his or her party doesn't
have a majority in the Noordkamer. Having a majority in the
Noordkamer is very useful; it is however even better when the same
parties that form the coalition, also have a majority in the
Zuidkamer, but since a new Noordkamer is sworn in on the same moment
as a new Oostkamer (i.e. the government), normally on the first
Friday of February following the elections, the relation between
those two chambers is tighter. Since 2006, the Noordkamer has 175
seats + two representing the overseas municipality of New-Stavoren.
The last (early called) Noordkamer elections took place on 23 March
2011; the next will probably take place on 29 October 2014 or on 28
Elections for the
Zuidkamer occur after each municipal elections, which in turn take
place on the last Wednesday of October at least every four years
(but not necessarily in the same year as the Noordkamer elections).
When the composition of the new municipal councils is known, they
elect the members of the Zuidkamer. Both the new municipal
councils and the new Zuidkamer are sworn in on the following first
Friday of February. The last municipal elections took place on 27
October 2010; the next will take place on 29 October 2014.