Home General Data History Culture Politics Map Encyclopedia About Links

Kronenburg is a constitutional monarchy and a paliamentary democracy. As such, the head of state is the king or queen, who has limited political power. The king or queen appoints the Advisor General after Noordkamer-elections; mostly this is the leader of the party that got the most votes and mostly the Advisor General becomes the next prime minister - although these are more traditions than mandatory courses of action. Furthermore, the king or queen proclaims the Promulgation at the first Friday of February of each year, by which the parliamentary year is opened. The head of state also has to confrim bills that have been approved by the chambers of parliament. He has however the constitutional right to refuse to do so. Such a refusal would lead to nasty political and constitutional complications, but such a situation has never arisen yet.

Elections to the Noordkamer occur by proportional representation on the last Wednesday of October at least every four years. After these elections, the king appoints - as said - the Advisor General, who tries to form a governing coalition, when his or her party doesn't have a majority in the Noordkamer. Having a majority in the Noordkamer is very useful; it is however even better when the same parties that form the coalition, also have a majority in the Zuidkamer, but since a new Noordkamer is sworn in on the same moment as a new Oostkamer (i.e. the government), normally on the first Friday of February following the elections, the relation between those two chambers is tighter. Since 2006, the Noordkamer has 175 seats + two representing the overseas municipality of New-Stavoren. The last (early called) Noordkamer elections took place on 23 March 2011; the next will probably take place on 29 October 2014 or on 28 October 2015.

Elections for the Zuidkamer occur after each municipal elections, which in turn take place on the last Wednesday of October at least every four years (but not necessarily in the same year as the Noordkamer elections). When the composition of the new municipal councils is known, they elect the members  of the Zuidkamer. Both the new municipal councils and the new Zuidkamer are sworn in on the following first Friday of February. The last municipal elections took place on 27 October 2010; the next will take place on 29 October 2014.