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KONINGINNELAND

The municipality of Koninginneland was created in 1860 and now has around 800,000 inhabitants. It consists of the northwestern part of the West Island ('Westereiland' in Dutch) and the Queen's Island ('Koninginne-eiland' in Dutch). There are vague plans to connect the city of Marianne, which lies on the Queen's Island, has approximately 690,000 inhabitants and is the fourth largest city of Kronenburg, with a bridge to Long Island (U.S.A.), but nothing concrete has been organised yet. The original capital of Koninginneland was the town of Aalburg, but after a redivision of the municipal borders, Aalburg became part of Westerland and the city of Marianne became the new capital of Koninginneland.

The present-day capital of Koninginneland, the city of Marianne, was founded in 1917 and named Koninginnestad (Queen's city), but in 1953, after the death of queen Marianne, the city was renamed after the late queen. The city's infrastructure seems straight and uninviting, but once arrived, this first impression turns out to be nothing more than prejudice. The centre of the city is composed of a small shopping and business area, surrounded by seven large residential towers, which are gradually different in height. In 1987, these towers got the status of Protected Monument of Kronenburg ('Kronenburgs Beschermd Monument'), because of their extraordinary architecture. The Central Station is worth visiting as well: in 1998 the complex was entirely renovated into a hypermodern combination of railways and digital infrastructure. The exuberant use of glass gives the building a transparent image.

A lot further from the actual city centre than one would expect, is the city hall, which is built according to post-war architecture - which many people don't like. There are plans to move the municipal institutions to the part of the city that is located on the West Island, as the Queen's Island is becoming too small for the city and the current city hall could indeed use a make-over.

On the Koningin Wilhelminalaan there is the controversial war museum of 1951 about the occupation of Kronenburg by the U.S.A. during the second world war. Other musea are, among others, the Sampler museum on the Amundsenstraat as well as the Museum of Film and Photography on the Edisonplein. And finally: miracles of architecture are the two bridges between the West Island and the Queen's Island.

Marianne was Cultural Capital of the AGL in 2003.

Until 2016, the town of Nijenstijn as well as the villages of Kloosterholt, Iefte en Baseul, were part of Koninginneland, but these were transferred to Westerland following a municipal redivision.

Mayors of Koninginneland

1860 - 1872
1872 - 1875
1875 - 1888
1888 - 1895
1895 - 1911
1911 - 1917
1917 - 1930

Bengt Thorsteinsson
Karel Geugies
Harm-Willem Potshumus
Frans Posthumus
Steven Woldringh
Sebastiaan Jaltada
Evert Evertsen

1930 - 1939
1939 - 1948
1948 - 1955
1955 - 1959
1959 - 1972
1972 - 1976
1976 - 1993

Klaas-Jan Isebrandt
Jan Berendsen
Frank Willems
Theunis Boonman
Herman Trenning
Jacques de Boer
Aletta Beaufort-Fultsema (f)

1993 - 1998
1998 - 2008
2008 - 2015

Arjan Grevinga
Sjors Tjeenk Willink
Hans-Peter Thollius