Languages
Carian language family Bėltse Gen Vaara
Kencari languages Pocari languages Coare
Coastal Kencari Lake Kencari White Kencari North Pocari South Pocari

Introduction
The former Republic of Bowdani was home to various languages and language groups, most important of which was Ingallish, which served as the language of the elite, as an administrative language, and it was the language used to communicate between people who didn't speak the same language. The most important local languages were Tak in the north, Flovaignian in the east, and the Kencari languages in the west and south, with Coare as a smaller language in the northwest. Additional languages of which there are only a few hundred or thousand native speakers left include the Pocari languages, Bėltse, Gen, and Vaara.

Carian languages
The Carian language are the largest non-Ingallish language family in former western Bowdani. It includes the Kencari group, consisting of Coastal Kencari, Lake Kencari, and White Kencari, the Pocari group, which has a North and a South variant, and the Coare language. The Carian languages may or may not be indigenous to Smalik and any relationship with other language families hasn't been proven yet. The Carian languages have very little morphology, meaning that functions like the plural of nouns and tenses of verbs are expressed by separate words rather than changing the main word or adding something to it; only Coastal Kencari developed something that could be described as cases, which are in fact postpositions that assimilated with the preceding word.

The Kencari and Pocari languages are spoken in the Lectern of United Kencari Peoples (LUKP), but only the Kencari languages have official status next to Ingallish. Coare is spoken in the Coare Republic.

Bėltse
The Bėltse language is probably an isolate and has been made the official language of the Kingdom of Bėltse. The language has elaborate noun and verb systems and certain pronouns that may only be used when addressing, or speaking about, the King. This pronoun has been controversial since the founding of the modern Kingdom; according to those in favour of the monarchy, the pronoun existed more than thousand years ago, when the Bėltse (or Bullocks, as they were known in Bowdani history) were still independent, but due to lack of reliable written evidence it is uncertain if this pronoun has any historical basis or has been invented by the modern royal family.

Gen
The Gen language is probably an isolate as well and the official language of the Duchy of Gen. The language uses particles to indicate the nouns' functions in a sentence, the verb only reflects if the subject of a sentence is alive or dead (so if a person has died the verb form that is used has to reflect this status change). There is no clear distinction between singular and plural. Instead, a dual, plural or collective form of a noun can be the default form if it's the most commonly used form; rruqt 'forest' or 'trees' is a plural or collective noun, whereas rruqutti 'one tree' is the exception.

Vaara
Like Bėltse and Gen, Vaara is probably an isolate. It is a strongly fusional language, with long words that express a lot of information at once. Special about Vaara is that time is expressed by the noun instead of the verb. Silge (goat) can therefore exist as silge (goat, present), seilge (goat, neutral), silgett (goat, past), and sinilge (goat, future).

Ingallish The best river is in the eyes of the little goats
Coastal Kencari Ddowtäm zahep obes owzatab gu cehi owstadani ha
Lake Kencari Ddautaewu zahip obis auzatab gue cihio austadawi ha
White Kencari Joteivi zaip ubis oratab gue cķe ossadavi a
North Pocari Tŏn eɴu oepet em zaħ ŏđan đap ħo ŏtta đami ceħi sa
South Pocari Tåɗ oemu oepeƨ zagh eɓ ådhaɗ dhap gho åƨa dhami ɠeghi sa
Coare Daat aeny eep zoas eobas aasat ntoab gcu casi aasa ntoaggy nsoa
Bėltse Gok tatsar mobwserosse ribarrėr bowarėr
Gen Soos'tuq ova ennob or duq'as qoorre'nge hulla
Vaara Hairossortein léķnnsaseilgossaak'ta