NEWS
Abdul Lanuyau Permanent Representative to the ExC
ORYAA, 29 September 2016 - Former ambassador to Ethiopia and the African Union Abdul Lanuyau will be the next Permanent Representative to the
Exumbran Convention after Hupilulyum Musheyeu announced his retirement. Lanuyau will take office on 3 October.

Harrawi physicist first Director of FICT science institute
BIZET, 7 May 2016 - Harrawi physicist prof Faruk Yeriyeg of the university of Oryaa will be the first Director of the newly established FICT Secretariat for Scientific Cooperation (FSSC) in Guelphia. That was one of the outcomes of the 7th General Assembly of FICT that was held today in Bizet, the capital of the Republic of Maysoran, Algheran and Shaoran.

Minister for Scientific Research, Mrs Beukes Goo Basheen (NID), is happy with the opportunity that prof Yeriyeg will get. 'He will be responsible for the exchange of knowledge throughout FICT, from which all member states, including Harrawi will profit', the minister said. Yeriyeg (51) is known as an outstanding physicist in the field of theory of weak interactions, but also as a competent manager.

During the summit, the Free Trade Agreement was replaced by a new one, which enabled Voskia to withdraw its participation in order to unilaterally conclude separate agreements with some member states, and two new member states were admitted to FICT: the principality of Pannonia and the kingdom of Amargo. The foreign affairs ministry announced the appointment of Maamus Preseshyior as ambassador to Amargo, effective 1 June, whereas the embassy in Rome will be accredited for Pannonia, effective immediately.

New government installed
ORYAA, 16 June 2015 - After a much longer than expected period of time, a new coalition government of OID, NID and IS was presented and installed today with Ashon Pary (OID), Aames Ugshyaneu (NID) and Lawoon Uryiabon (IS) staying in office as prime minister and the two vice prime ministers. Lawoon Bashinabon (OID), who was appointed foreign minister only ten days ago, switches to African affairs, while former African affairs minister Ibreu Saashoon gets the foreign affairs portfolio. The ministers of domestic affairs, finance, justice, and defence all keep their old posts in a government that is very much a continuation of the old one.

Parliament ratifies FICT Treaty
ORYAA, 6 June 2015 - The Yeshaa Eengatare ratified the Treaty of Ísðor, the most essential treaty of the Forum for International Cooperation and Trade, the day before yesterday. As expected, most parties voted in favour of the ratification; most members of the IAA and the Islamic Values party AS voted against and the remainder of the IAA members abstained, which could be an indication that IAA leader and former prime minister Atusheu Bulinau is loosing his popularity within his party.

Today the government announced that foreign affairs minister Ms. Muwat Shonshuu Yusuuf will be the Harrawi ambassador to FICT. Ambassadors to FICT form the daily board of the organisation, and each of them can serve as the Secretary General of FICT by rotation for a period of six months. It was announced that African Union diplomat Mr. Lawoon Bashinabon will succeed Ms Shonshuu as minister of foreign affairs.

FICT reaccepts Harrawi as member, but rejects Dhram Phá
KINGSBURY (GZ), 2 May 2015 - During the fifth General Assembly of the Forum for International Cooperation and Trade, Harrawi was accepted as a member state again, after the government issued a formal membership request in early April. Most parties in the newly elected Yeshaa Eengatare favour FICT membership, with only IAA leader Atusheu Bulinau heavily condemning the move. Prime minister Ashon Pary (OID) repeated however that the IAA-OID government made the decision to leave FICT too quickly and he said that he expects 'good stuff' for Harrawi.

Another former member state of FICT, Dhram Phá, was however rejected. The General Assembly wasn't convinced by the country's representatives that it would be willing to fully participate according to the values of FICT. Only Adzhatia voted in favour of readmitting Dhram Phá. Two other countries, the Duchy of New Courland and the Republic of Maysoran, Algheran and Shaoran joined FICT however, raising the number of member states to eleven.

The prime minister said that although the Yeshaa Eengatare can proceed with the ratification of the Treaty of Ísðor at its own discretion, the Harrawi ambassador to FICT will be appointed by the next government. Since the elections, negotiations between OID, NID and IS about the formation of a new government have been going on, but despite both having lost one seat, the junior partners NID and IS have been making demands that OID finds difficult to accept. Nevertheless, a breakthrough is expected by all three parties in the next week.

Government denies that Yemeni president is in Oryaa
ORYAA, 26 March 2015 - Minister of foreign affairs Muwat Shonshuu Yusuuf (OID) has denied that the president of Yemen, Mr Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi, is currently hiding in our capital city. "Despite the situation in Yemen, president Hadi hasn't left his country", she said. Yemen, that has been dealing with attacks of the Shia Houthi rebels for some time now, received military help from Saudi Arabia today, in order to defend the legitimate government of president Hadi.

Although the minister said that she welcomes the Saudi action, she didn't want to comment on whether Harrawi will be sending help as well, like other countries in the region, but only told the press that regional stability is in the interest of everyone.

OID wins parliamentary elections · Two new parties in YE
ORYAA, 23 March 2015 - The parliamentary elections that were held last Friday have been won by the OID party of prime minister Ashon Pary. OID gained one seat and ended up on 19 of a total of 71. The largest opposition party IAA lost two and now has 17 seats. The other two ruling coalition parties, NID and IS, both lost resp. 1 and 2 seats, but the coalition maintains its majority. As it is unlikely that OID will ask IAA to form a new coalition, a continuation of OID-NID-IS seems the only possibility, unless IAA manages to convince NID and IS to form a coalition with that party instead. Other possibilities would include a number of small parties, which would make the coalition rather fragile.

Prime minister Pary claimed the victory of his party and said to expect the newly elected parliament to ask him to form a government in the next couple of weeks.

To the surprise of most experts, the non-clan based Islamic Values party AS gained one seat and ends up with two. Even more surprising is the fact that two other parties managed to cross the threshold. The Isb esh'Eragyaau is the political party behind the Oryaa based clan of Yeragyau; apparently it has expanded enough in the last four year to produce a sufficient amount of votes to be elected into the Yeshaa Eengatare with one seat. The other party is the Sikanish Apiriyatily Harrawia (Political Initiative for Harrawi); SAH already proved popular among younger voters and it seems that they helped it enter the parliament with a spectacular two seats.

Government considering reapplying for FICT membership
ORYAA, 5 March 2015 - According to prime minister Ashon Pary (OID), the government is re-evaluating the decision made in 2012 by the previous government to leave the international organisation FICT. This decision was primarily made by the IAA-half of that government and the current government, which consists of the parties OID, NID and IS, is now publicly questioning it, claiming that our country should have waited and seen how FICT would develop itself. It was in fact the first summit of FICT of April 2012 that made many IAA politicians decide that the organisation wasn't any good: the summit ended in discord over the program budget and soon after, talks among some member states began to set up a new organisation, which eventually became the Exumbran Convention. "FICT has shown a lot of stability, progress and growth since 2012, so the organisation could be sufficiently beneficial for our country to consider rejoining. Besides, we wouldn't be the only country trying to return to FICT; Dhram Phá has reapplied for FICT membership as well", Pary said. Harrawi would continue to be a member of the Exumbran Convention as well, like the Northern European country of Adzhatia, which has been a member of both organisations since the Exumbran Convention was founded.

The IAA, currently in opposition, replied angrily that reapplying for FICT membership would be 'treason against the people of Harrawi'. "A democratically taken decision will be turned upside down; this is outrageous", Atusheu Bulinau, current IAA party leader and the prime minister whose government decided to leave FICT. "OID was part of that decision as much of IAA; the facts that they now claim otherwise and that they take Dhram Phá as an example, a country that hasn't contributed anything substantial to neither FICT nor the Exumbran Convention, proves that that party is untrustworthy!"

Several IAA politicians announced that they will actively campaign against Harrawi rejoining FICT and urged the government not to take any final decision before 20 March; on that date there will be parliamentary elections and although the change of seats will traditionally be minimal, only a small change of balance could be enough to bring the IAA back to power, which is of course what the party is hoping for.

Head of Harrawi Police, Hupilulyum Yepreshias, elected president
ORYAA, 3 March 2015 - After exactly one month of negotiating, the Yeshaa Eengatare elected a new president: Mr. Hupilulyum Yepreshias, who is currently the head of the Harrawi national police. On 4 April, he will succeed incumbent Mr. Maamus Uryiabon, who could have been re-elected, but without a majority in parliament, this was not possible. The joint candidate of the government coalition, historian Ali Harug, didn't make it either, for he fell four votes short of the required two-third majority. When it became clear that none of the obvious candidates would have a chance of winning, tough negotiations followed, which ended with the election of Yepreshias; only the member of the Aglyawa Slamyawa (AS) party voted against him.

Yepreshias intends to be listed as a non-partizan president; he is however a member of the small Hosh clan, which is too small to be aligned with any (national) political party. The president-elect was born in 1963 in a village near Malaa. He made career in the local police force before being assigned to the local police of Malaa. In 2001 he became the head of the Malaa Provincial Police; in 2011 he became the head of the national police, after the sudden death of his predecessor Fayas Peresheu. He is a widower and has five adult children.
Government and parliament set election dates
ORYAA, 18 December 2014 - The Yeshaa Eengatare, the parliament of Harrawi, has approved the dates for the next presidential and parliamentary elections in February and March next year, as proposed by the government. President Maamus Uryabon's first term will end in April 2015 and the parliament will commence the election procedure on 3 February. The parliamentary elections will take place on 20 March. Only the opposition IAA party of former prime minister Atusheu Bulinau voted against the proposition; they fear that there won't be any chance of Mr Uryabon, who is a member of IAA, being re-elected by the current parliament. The IAA proposed to organise the presidential elections after the parliamentary elections, but none of the other parties were convinced of their reasons to do so.

The elections could be the last ones according to the current system. The government has initiated political reforms last year, which should introduce compulsory suffrage for all Harrawi citizens of 17 years and older, and perhaps abolish the (mostly ceremonial) office of president. The next parliament will decide whether these changes will be made effective. IAA already announced to focus their campaign on the benefits of preserving the current system.
Government approves railway between Oryaa and Malaa
ORYAA, 20 May 2014 - Transport minister Yusuf Yusufaabon (OID) has announced the government's approval to build a new railway between the capital Oryaa and the eastern city of Malaa. Construction should start in a few months. The railway will follow a southern trajectory, through Bumaa, esh'Eem Esseare, Waau, Neesh, Haaryeshy, Yausaa, and Malaa. The project will costs several billions of kunu. The government claims that it will be able to pay for most of the costs, and part of the funding will be requested from foreign investors and institutions such as the Exumbran Development Commission, if needed.
'House of Rights and Freedoms' founded in order to meet Exumbran demands
ORYAA, 12 March 2014 - Minister Ali Lulis of Democratic Affairs has approved the creation of a House of Rights and Freedoms (Waan Haagare ay Arawanare) that should assure the rights and freedoms of the citizens of Harrawi, the press and educational institutes, such as the universities of Oryaa and Malaa. As soon as the House will be fully operational, the ministry of education will transfer some of its competences to the House, while other competences, such as the right to read and approve every thesis that could have an impact on Harrawi society, will be suspended.

The House of Rights and Freedoms is the main result of a demand from the Exumbran Convention to assure a sufficient amount of freedom in order to be able to continue to receive funding for certain projects. It should be operational in September.
Harrawi won't change its Exumbran membership status, says foreign minister
ORYAA, 11 November 2013 - Harrawi will remain a normal member state of the Exumbran Convention and won't request observer status instead. This was said this morning by foreign affairs minister Muwat Shonshuu Yusuuf, after it became known that another member state, Dhram Phá, has requested such a move last week. The regulation adopted by the Exumbran Council of Heads of State and Government that in order to be elegible for subsidies for scientific research, a country must observe certain democratic values such as freedom of speech and academic freedom. The regulation was adopted by a majority of member states, and although it was claimed that the regulation was not intended for a specific current member state, Dhram Phá and to a lesser extent our own country would have suffered immediate consequences of it, if Kronenburg hadn't proposed a time schedule for current member states to get their affairs in order.

The Dhramphanese request was made because the country considers it unfair that it has to pay membership contribution, while it is unable to benefit from the Convention due to the aforementioned regulation. 'This is not exactly true', the minister said. 'According to the time schedule adopted with the regulation, current member states that would not be elegible for subsidies will be exempted until 2015. Our government has proposed political reforms in order to make sure that Harrawi is ready when the rule will start to apply for current member states of the Exumbran Convention. It is hard work, but we think it is doable, and therefore Harrawi won't make a similar request to the Exumbran Convention.' She thinks that Dhram Phá could easily make more of an effort. 'As Harrawi is currently making adaptions as well, our countries could work together in the next couple of months to make sure that Dhram Phá, too, will be ready in 2015. But if the Dhramphanese government stands with its current request, we will respect that of course.'

It is not sure however if the Convention will be able to formally discuss the request before 2014, and there also remains the small problem that there is no official procedure yet to change from full member state to observer; Dhram Phá has requested that its new status will start on 1 January 2014. The founding treaty of the Exumbran Convention should therefore be altered first to make such a change of status possible. The government of Harrawi thinks that this will certainly take more time than the few weeks of 2013 that still exist, so it seems unlikely that the Dhramphanese request will be treated before 2014.

Another problem is the framework of reference to determine the level of freedoms in the member states, which should be established by an Exumbran Court for the Monitoring of Freedoms (ECMF). This court was also proposed in the regulation adopted last summer, but it has remained a theoretical court since then, as no preparations seem to have been made to actually create it. The government has therefore urged the Convention to make the necessary arrangements.
Government wants drastic political reforms ▪ Harrawi now a slave of international organisations, claims IAA
ORYAA, 17 September 2013 - The government has announced plans to completely change the structure of Harrawi politics. The most controversial part of these plans is the introduction of a compulsory suffrage for all Harrawi citizens and to lower the voting age from 25 to 17. Currently Harrawi has one of the highest voting ages in the world. Another controversial proposal is the abolishment of the office of President of Harrawi and to divide the largely ceremonial presidential duties among the prime minister and the chairman of the Yeshaa Eengatare. Other projected changes include the expansion of the freedom of press and other civil and political freedoms and rights. Although not specifically mentioned, analysts say these plans are obviously motivated by the regulation that was adopted by the Exumbran Convention in July.

The largest opposition party, IAA, has protested against many of these reforms, saying that the Harrawi government has now become 'a slave of international organisations', interpreting the plans as a reaction on the Exumbran Convention regulation as well. Analysts however claim that it is mainly the lowering of the voting age that the IAA has a problem with. In Harrawi society, most young people to choose further education after completing the secondary school belong to the Isun-clan, which is the societal backbone of IAA; as students, they get more in touch with modern ideas and values than most of their peers in other clans, so in the last decade, the Isun-clan has had relatively more trouble convincing its younger members to vote IAA than the other clans. The IAA therefore wants the voting age to remain at 25, which it claims is an age at which most people have finished settling down.

Democratic Affairs minister Ali Lulis (independent) calls it however puzzling that the IAA, which has always claimed to be the most democratic party of Harrawi, is now denying democratic rights to the younger citizens. 'If anything, they should wholeheartedly support these plans', he said. 'Fighting against this necessary democratic development would make the IAA a rather untrustworthy party with regard to its political views.'
Impossible time schedule for democratic reforms adopted by Exumbran Council
LINDAVISTA, 26 July 2013 - During the annual Council Meeting of the Exumbran Convention, an extremely controversial regulation has been adopted that will limit the funding Exumbran organisations distribute only to member states that uphold a certain level of democratic freedoms. This level is to be decided by a court that will be created as a result of this regulation. It is very likely that at this moment, Harrawi won't meet the requirements as formulated by the Council. 'The orginal proposal by Huenan didn't even include exceptions for current member states', IAA-leader and former prime minister Atusheu Bulinau complains. 'Thanks to additional proposals by Kronenburg, there will be a time table, which will give Harrawi three years to improve its system. The government thinks that this is far to short, and it has indicated this to the Council, however without any result. We are facing an impossible task, which could cost our country a lot of money. We should leave the Exumbran Convention before it's too late.'

Prime minister Ashon Pary agreed however that it is necessary to implement some reforms. 'The Exumbran Convention could be very useful for our country if we comply with the required standards', he said. 'Three years is short notice indeed, but for the sake of international cooperation, I think we should and we could make this effort.' The prime minister announced that he will ask independent lawyer Ali Lulis to join the government as minister of democratic affairs in order to determine the current problems and design ways to make improvements. He will also be cooperating with the Exumbran Court, when it will be established.
Prime minister Sanor Shuryaa dies ▪ minister Ashon Pary named as new prime minister
ORYAA, 20 April 2013 - This morning, the OID leadership announced the death of prime minister Sanor Shuryaa. He died on Thursday while in hospital, where he was taken last Friday for unknown reasons. The OID leadership didn't want to comment on that, but expressed their sadness and offered their condolences to his family. President Maamus Uryiabon announced that there will be a national mourning period until next Friday. Mr. Shuryaa will get a state funeral, which will take place on Tuesday.

The minister of Local Administration, mr. Ashon Pary (OID), has been named as the party's candidate to succeed as prime minister. He will be heading the government in an acting capacity until the parliament approves him, or somebody else. Given the current allegiances in the Yeshaa Eengatare however, it is most likely that there won't be any other potentially successful candidate.

Update (2 May): The Yeshaa Eengatare approved Ashon Pary as the new prime minister. His party fellow Ury Baroog was confirmed as the new minister of Local Administration, replacing Ashon Pary.
Prime minister again taken to hospital
ORYAA, 12 April 2013 - The prime minister has again been taken to hospital. His office didn't release the exact reason for this, although it has been suggested by members of the parliamentary opposition that the mere week of vacation that he took in March after he had to visit hospital following complaints of dizziness, wasn't enough to regain his strength. A government minister of the prime minister's party OID, who therefore wants to keep his name out of the press, said that the party should look for a replacement candidate for the post of prime minister soon, if it turns out that the prime minister will have to exercise his duties from the hospital.
Three people shot after cattle dispute gets out of hand
PUNS, 29 March 2013 - A farmer living near the city of Puns was arrested today by local police forces after he shot his neighbour and his neighbour's son and mother in law and wounded two other family members. He will be taken to Malaa, where the he will be formally charged with murder. The shooting was the result of a court rule following a dispute about the ownership of three goats. According to the victim's family, the shooter sold the animals to them a few months ago, which is denied by the other, who instead claims that the goats were stolen from him. The victim managed to present the deed of sale to a local judge and despite his neighbour claiming that this deed was forged, the judge ruled in favour of the victim. Apparently, that was the moment that the first farmer decided to shoot his neighbour.
Prime minister taken to hospital after complaints of dizziness
ORYAA, 4 March 2013 - Prime minister Sanor Shuryaa (OID) has been taken to hospital this morning after he complained of increasing dizziness during a government meeting. According to a statement issued by mr. Shuryaa's office at the end of the afternoon, doctors said that the prime minister shows signs of being overworked. He will remain in the hospital tonight for observation. Mr. Shuryaa (67) has been leading the Harrawi government since August last year.

(Update, 7 March 2013) - The hospital has released the prime minister. He will be resuming his official duties after a prescribed vacation of at least one week.
Culture ministry wants better protection of Harrawi cultural artifacts
ORYAA, 27 February 2013 - Aanuwons Abduleabon, the minister of culture and religion, has called for better protection of national cultural artifacts, as reports show that there has been an increase in tourists trying to steal ancient objects and take smuggling them out of the country as holiday souvenirs. Customs officials have discovered an increasing amount of artifacts in visitors' luggage during the last six months. "Although most of the objects are discovered before they leave the country, it is most regrettable that not all of them can be kept in Harrawi', the minister says. "And sadly, it is partly because of a lacking morality of some of our own countrymen that the tourists succeed in the first place." He referred to guards and co-workers of museums and archeological sites that are sometimes bribed to turn a blind eye. The minister added that Harrawi is not the only country in the region with this problem. "Better regional cooperation could contribute as well to the prevention of the raiding of several countries", he said.
ESIB wing evacuated after discovery of large crack in wall
ORYAA, 25 January 2013 - The northernmost wing of the "Abdul Rashshau building", the building that is to become the headquarters of the Exumbran Social Investment Bank, was evacuated yesterday after a large crack in a wall was discovered. Officially, the building is still vacant after a renovation took place during the last few months to make it suitable to host the ESIB; furniture and office supplies were being moved into the building, that will officially opened next week, on the 1st of February. Until then, the ESIB has a temporary location. The workers stopped moving things to that specific wing, but continued to prepare everything in the other parts of the building.

Planning and development minister Faruk Tewyaa (NID) issued a statement today that additional repairs will be scheduled for the troubled wing, but that the rest of the building should be fully operational as of 1 February. Abdul Rashshau (1924 - 2001), after whom the building is named, was the first minister of economic affairs of the independent Harrawi (1978 - 1980) as well as president of the Royal Bank of Harrawi (1980 - 1988). Previously, the building was part of the ministry of trade, the several locations of which were however combined in one new building in 2011.
OID wins Exumbran Parliamentary elections
ORYAA, 30 November 2012 - As expected, the elections for the Parliament of the Exumbran Convention, that were held yesterday by the Yeshaa Eengatare, were won by the OID, which got two seats out of six. IAA, NID, IS and INH each got one seat. The two smallest (IH and IK) of the four parties that will become part of the conservative Exumbran People's Party (EPP) in the Exumbran Parliament could have given the largest of them, the IS, an extra mandate by voting for it (which would have meant that INH would have gained no seats), but all parties voted for themselves, although it was clear from the beginning that those parties wouldn't get any seats anyway. The islamist AS didn't get any seats either.

The Exumbran Parliament is to convene prior to a Council Meeting of the Exumbran Convention in order to discuss all items on the Council's agenda and to advice the Council.
Government delegation strands in Spain on its way to official start of Exumbran Convention
ORYAA, 15 November 2012 - In Alexanderstad (Kronenburg) the official start of the Exumbran Convention was observed with a ceremony during which the transitional secretary general, Oliver B. Murtogg from New Courland, hit a gong. Harrawi was represented by its ambassador in the USA, mrs. Nyud Rashus Alee, and its Permanent Representative mr. Hupilulyum Musheyeu. A government delegation that was supposed to attend the ceremony, stranded in Madrid after the plane was hit by engine problems. The opposition ridiculed the situation, claiming that it was at least clear on which the missing money in the transport ministrywasn't spended on: the maintenance of the Harrawi aircraft. The IAA said that minister Yusuf Yusufaabon undermined Harrawi's international credibility.
Transport minister in potential corruption affair
ORYAA, 12 November 2012 - Transport minister Yusuf Yusufaabon was attacked by members of the opposition after a letter written by prime minister Shuryaa to the minister was received by the wrong person, leading to its becoming public. In the letter, the prime minister questions the transport minister about budgetary disorder in his department, with large sums of money being unaccounted for. Minister Yusufaabon was called to the Yeshaa Eengatare and claimed to know nothing about it, but promised an investigation.
Roman-Catholic priests arrested for espionage
ORYAA, 31 October 2012 - Two Roman-Catholic priests have been arrested for espionage. This was today confirmed by justice minister Yaron Iryaag. According to the minister, there is clear evidence that the priests were working for a foreign government, although he didn't elaborated on the nature of this evidence. The priests are being held in custody and interrogated. The priests have been living in Harrawi for more than ten years now, working as volunteers for a small Roman-Catholic parish in Malaa. The minister added that they were suspected of spying already two years ago, but that they had finally sufficient evidence to arrest them. A spokesman of the Roman-Catholic community in Harrawi said that an official protest against the arrest has been filed.
Constitutional Court: 'Nothing wrong with Exumbran ratification procedure'
ORYAA, 14 October 2012 - The Constitutional Court issued an answer today to the complaint filed by the opposition party IAA about the ratification procedure of the Treaty of the Exumbran Convention, which in its eyes was conducted too fast. According to the Constitutional Court, there is no objection written in the constitution to have a treaty ratified by the Yeshaa Eengatare as quickly after it was signed by a government representative as it was in this case. The Harrawi membership of the Exumbran Convention is therefore valid and ongoing, the Court says.

The Court's opinion comes as a blow to the IAA leadership, which was convinced that the judgement would be in its favour, as the current majority of the Court consists of members of the Isun-clan. A government spokesman told the press that this event was proof that the clan system in Harrawi is no hindrance to democracy, as is sometimes claimed. 'With this issue out of the way, Harrawi can proceed to fulfill its duties as a member of the Exumbran Convention', the spokesman said. Last week, Huenan and Khusqaikama ratified the Treaty, which means that it will enter into force somewhere at the beginning of November. OnlyAdzhatia and Kronenburg still have to ratify it.
Former minister Iguuyameu survives attack
ORYAA, 6 October 2012 - Former foreign minister Brayim Iguuyameu was shot at yesterday when he left his house in the capital to visit his mosque. Iguuyameu managed to get back into his house in time and the attacker instead hit a passer-by who died instantly. Iguuyameu has been the subject of death threats ever since he left the IAA party last July, a move that was seen as highly controversial. The police released a short statement this morning, saying that mr. Iguuyameu's house will be under observation for the next couple of weeks. The police said that they haven't found any evidence yet that it was indeed mr. Iguuyameu who was targeted, and that they are investigating whether the threats and the attack are indeed related. Iguuyameu himself said that the police observation will restrict his movements even further, without bringing any solution to his predicament. According to some friends who want to remain anonymous, he is considering leaving the country.
Bulinau: "Exumbran Convention is a mistake"
ORYAA, 19 September 2012 - In the strongest possible words, IAA-leader and former prime minister Atusheu Bulinau called the Harrawi accession to the so calledExumbran Convention 'a big mistake', after the parliament of Huenan rejected a ratification proposal yesterday, and the parliament of Khusqaikama subsequently postponed ratification. "Already member states are having second thoughts", he said. "This adventure that the government is drowning us in, will prove to be just as unlucrative as FICT has been. I urge the Yeshaa Eengatare that it renounces the treaty of the Exumbran Convention before it enters into force."

The IAA was strongly opposed against the hurried ratification of the treaty by the parliament, only three days after the Convention was founded in New Courland. They filed a complaint at the Constitutional Court, but that hasn't announced a decision yet. Prime minister Shuryaa in the mean time urged everyone to remain calm. "The Kronenburg foreign minister gave his assurance on Monday that his country will fulfill its obligations. Even if Huenan won't participate, the cause of the Exumbran Convention will not be lost."
Hupilulyum Musheyeu proposed as Permanent Representative ▪ IAA files complaint at Constitutional Court
ORYAA, 6 September 2012 - Our ambassador to Tanzania (and countries in its vicinity), Hupilulyum Musheyeu, has been proposed to become our country's Permanent Representative to the Exumbran Convention, according to government sources. Musheyeu (63) is a member of the Libinay-clan and was appointed to his current position only last year, but it is 'felt that he is the best man for the job'. This may only be because Musheyeu is the only high ranking Harrawi official who has visited the small Eastern-African country of Kpwahele & Nɣurumba on a regular basis in recent years and who can be considered on the current government's side because of his clan-membership - although this might be stretching the limits of imagination, for Musheyeu has never been active in Harrawi politics.

The ministry of foreign affairs has been discussing candidates for the top job with Kpwahele & Nɣurumba as a gesture of the friendship that is being established between our countries; since Harrawi is however far larger and more populous than Kpwahele & Nɣurumba, analysts don't expect these talks to be much more than symbolic. Since four countries already ratified the Treaty of the Exumbran Convention, with two more to go before it can start entering into force, the government wants to step up the nomination procedure a bit.

IAA wants to have ratification investigated
In other news, the now oppositional IAA-party has filed a complaint at the Constitutional Court about the ratification procedure of the Treaty of the Exumbran Convention, which was too rash, at least in the eyes of the IAA. If the Constitutional Court finds the complaint valid, it may order an investigation after the procedure; during such an investigation, the law concerning the ratification will be suspended until the Court presents a verdict on the matter.

Faysau Keeges (IS), the minister for legal affairs, has criticised the move, saying that it will ridicule Harrawi and, if the Court orders an investigation, delay Harrawi integration into the rest of the Exumbran Convention.

Hurunn Port to be expanded
HURUNN, 2 September 2012 - The harbour of Hurunn is to be expanded significantly during the next few years in order to become more attractive to foreign clients who want to use Harrawi as transshipment location or to refuel their ships. Although they are not overly outdated, the present facilities in Hurunn will need to be modernised in the next fifteen years in order to keep Harrawi regionally competitive. Several billions of kunu are already involved in the project, but the government is hoping that the Harrawi membership to the Exumbran Convention will be useful as well, by means of the Exumbran Development Commission.
Exumbran treaties ratified ▪ IAA objects against quick ratification, but to no avail
ORYAA, 26 August 2012 - This morning, the government has formally put the ratification bill of the Treaty of the Exumbran Convention and its related treaties on the agenda of the Yeshaa Eengatare, the parliament of Harrawi. Although many parties welcomed the move, which was interpreted by them as a sign that the new government will have a vigorous working method, the main opposition party IAA criticised the move, claiming that this leaves little time for the parties to read the treaty to see if it is in line with Harrawi laws.

Prime minister Shuryaa however argued that the Treaty's text has been public for some weeks now, and that the only thing that has changed, is that nine countries signed it last Thursday. "There has been plenty of time to get acquainted with it, the date of the summit was known for weeks and it should have been clear that there would be a treaty to ratify shortly thereafter", the prime minister said. IAA leader and former prime minister Atusheu Bulinau accused the prime minister of 'patronising the opposition', but an attempt made by the IAA to postpone voting was rejected and at the end of the afternoon, the Treaties were ratified with the goverment coalition parties OID, NID and IS, as well as the smaller parties INH, IH and IK voting in favour. Two thirds of the IAA members as well as the islamic AS party voted against; the rest refrained from voting.

After the vote, Bulinau announced that he will ask the Constitutional Court to investigate whether the procedures regarding the ratification bill have been correctly followed. "We call this country a Democratic Republic," Bulinau said, "but what happened in parliament today may have gone too quickly for democracy to notice. It would have been decent if the government had waited at least one more week."
Harrawi joins Exumbran Convention
LOUISE CHARLOTTE (DNC) / ORYAA, 24 August 2012 - During a summit in the New Courland capital of Louise Charlotte, Harrawi has signed the Treaty of theExumbran Convention, being one of nine countries to have done so. To some of these nations, the Convention is considered a substitute for FICT, a similar organisation that they left after it proved to be not as far going as they hoped. The Northern-European state of Adzhatia continued its FICT membership, but joined the Exumbran Convention nevertheless yesterday. Prime minister Sanor Shuryaa said that the Exumbran Convention shows much more promise regarding scientific and industrial cooperation than FICT did when it was founded. Asked whether the Convention was likely to collapse as quickly as FICT had almost done, he simply stated: "Let's hope not!"

During the meeting, it became clear that Harrawi is likely to host the Exumbran Social Investment Bank. In the next few weeks or months, during which the Treaty will be ratified, the government will be looking for a suitable person to become the Harrawi Permanent Representative in the Permanent Preparational Council of the Convention. Talks with the small Eastern-African country Kpwahele & Nɣurumba, that also joined the Exumbran Convention, have been going on during the last few months about the possibility of a shared representation, as Kpwahele & Nɣurumba will probably be too small to be able to afford a Representative of its own. The Treaty of the Exumbran Convention will enter into force when six of nine countries have ratified it. The government is planning to put the proposal on the agenda of the Yeshaa Eengatare by next week.
Parliament approves new chairman and new government
ORYAA, 14 August 2012 - In a special session, the Yeshaa Eengatare has elected IS-prominent and former prime minister Aames Sanoraabon as its chairman, replacing Yaron Hagasheu (IAA), who had held the post only since November last year. The replacement was possible due to OID, NID and IS agreeing upon a new parliamentary majority. Parliament also approved the government proposed by these parties, making Sanor Shuryaa the new prime minister. The new government will contain 26 ministers in total (including the prime minister), two of whom are women: former youth and sports minister Muwat Shonshuu Yusuuf (OID) will be heading foreign affairs, while Beukes Goo Basheen (NID) will be responsible for scientific research. Other notable persons are Ali Atusheliabon (OID), who remains defense minister, Muusheu Eryiawon (IS, finance), Onseu Bayash (NID, domestic affairs) and Yaron Iryaag (IS, justice).
OID, NID and IS agree on former prime minister Sanor Shuryaa to lead the new government
ORYAA, 28 July 2012 - Former prime minister and mayor of Oryaa, Sanor Shuryaa, will head the new government if some final issues are agreed on by the intended coalition partners, OID, NID and IS. This was announced today by a spokesman of OID. Shuryaa (67) was already prime minister from 1989 until 1993 and to date the only prime minister who finished a full term since Harrawi's independence in 1978.  After that, he remained the leader of OID in the Yeshaa Eengatare for some years and he was appointed mayor of Oryaa subsequently in 2003, which he remained until 2009. Since then, he has been teaching at the State University of Oryaa.

Shuryaa's intended return to active politics has come as a surprise for many, and the newspaper e'Saut sh'Naass even dared to describe his return as OID having him 'digged up'. IAA criticised the choice of Shuryaa, saying that his earlier achievements as prime minister mean little, as prime ministers had little real power in those days. OID suggested however that it's not Shuryaa's achievements as prime minister, but as mayor of Oryaa: many value the way Shuryaa turned the city from a somewhat chaotic, dusty and ugly town to a more modern city by improving infrastructure and public facilities, and having many buildings renovated.
OID to form coalition with NID and IS ▪ Name of new prime minister still unclear ▪ Parliament chairman replaced
ORYAA, 25 July 2012 - Sooner than expected, three parties of the Yeshaa Eengatare (the parliament of Harrawi) have agreed to form a new coalition, after the former government of the two largest parties, IAA and OID, broke up last Saturday. OID (18 seats) will work together with NID and IS (both 13 seats) to provide a governing majority. Although however these parties agreed on the main issues that the next government will work on, much is still to be decided in detail, which leaves a little bit of hope for the IAA that the coalition talks will fail and that IAA may have another chance after all to prevent being pushed into opposition.

A government coalition without the IAA will be a personal blow for outgoing prime minister Atusheu Bulinau, who seemed to have consolidated IAA's leading role in Harrawi politics in the last two years, among other by having a fellow IAA-member, Yaron Hagasheu, elected chairman of parliament last year, thereby transfering some political power from the parliament to the government. The chances that Hagasheu will remain chairman of parliament for much longer, are steadily decreasing, as it is rumoured that one of the demands of the IS-party for joining the new coalition, is the election of former prime minister Aames Sanoraabon (IS) to parliament chairman. This would have happened last year already, if the IAA had agreed with this choice; although the OID favoured Sanoraabon's election, IAA managed to push through Hagasheu in the end.

As OID, NID and IS are proceeding with their talks, it has become clear that current vice prime minister Onseu Aguweliabon (OID) won't become the country's next prime minister. Instead, he is bound to become minister of trade. The leader of NID, Aames Ugshyaneu, will most likely become vice prime minister, whilst Lawoon Uryiabon (IS) has been mentioned as the other vice prime minister. The three parties also seem to have agreed to give the culture and religion portfolio to IS, which could mean a more conservative policy towards western and other non-islamic influences in Harrawi daily life.
Government parties end coalition ▪ Both IAA and OID talking with smaller parties ▪ Iguuyameu to found new party
ORYAA, 21 July 2012 - IAA and OID will end their government coalition as soon as a new coalition has been formed. This was announced today by officials of both parties. Both parties also said that they will be inviting smaller parties to talks in order to form a new government. Early elections have been ruled out for now.

Summer recess should have begun some weeks ago, but the party leaderships of IAA and OID have been in heated talks for the past few weeks in order to settle a government reshuffle demand made by OID, after Brayim Iguuyameu was sacked on 2 July as foreign minister after leaving his party IAA. No new minister of foreign affairs has been appointed yet and the prime minister, Atusheu Bulinau, has been acting foreign minister since. Yesterday it became clear that IAA wouldn't give in to most of the demands made by OID and that signalled the end of the coalition, which has existed for some fifteen months.

It is not uncommon for Harrawi politics to have governments changed in between elections, but this is mostly done when parliament no longer thinks the persons in it are up for the task (i.e. when it thinks the government is undermining parliament's power) and simply ask someone else, most often of the same party as the leaving prime minister, to form a new government, which is most often composed of the same parties as the leaving government. The current situation of the coalition being dismantled altogether occurs however very rarely.

In other news, former foreign minister Brayim Iguuyameu has announced to form a new party, after his application to join OID was rejected by OID. Iguuyameu and his wife and children have moved to the city of Erim, which lies in the territory of the Libinay-clan, the clan behind the NID party, since choosing to stay in Isun (IAA) and Wary (OID) dominated Oryaa could result in difficult situations. Analysts say that Iguuyameu's chances of gaining seats during the next parliamentary elections are very small, as parties that aren't backed by a clan normally don't get seats, a notable exception being the Islamic Values party AS. His only chance would be if he can manage to persuade some other IAA members to vote for him, but that would cause large problems within the Isun clan, which could affect the entire country.
Foreign minister Brayim Iguuyameu leaves IAA
ORYAA, 1 July 2012 - Brayim Iguuyameu, currently still the foreign minister of Harrawi, is to leave the IAA and he intends to join OID. He announced this himself in a press conference this morning, causing a shock throughout political and societal Harrawi. Political parties are strongly affiliated with the Harrawi clans, so one could say that Iguuyameu's announcement could as well have been an announcement to switch clans - except that the latter is almost impossible.

The reason for his move is 'continuing obstruction' from his party colleagues regarding the foreign policies he wants to set out, even if those policies are following closely the official stance of the party. Analysts suggest that Iguuyameu's decision to leave IAA is therefore not only a political decision, but that the minister indeed wishes to leave the Isun-clan. If he however would be accepted by the Wary-clan (the party of which is OID), that would mean a form of societal treason of the most severe type, which could have consequences not only for Iguuyameu himself, but for his entire family as well. When he only joins the party OID, without being accepted in the Wary-clan, there may still be repercussions, although it is unsure what they will be like, as the current situation of switching parties has never happened before. And then there is the chance that OID won't accept him as a member, because if something would gravely undermine the continuation of the political coalition with IAA, then this would be it.

Although neither IAA nor OID have issued formal reactions yet, it is certain that Brayim Iguuyameu won't be minister of foreign affairs much longer. Among possible successors are the current communication minister Hupilulyum Maamutabon, the former ambassador to Ethiopia and the African Union Faruk Aguweliabon as well as the current one, Abdul Lanuyau, but the prime minister could also temporarily take the portfolio.
New organisation to be founded on 23 August
ORYAA, 28 June 2012 - The new international organisation that has been discussed since the end of May in the Asian country of Huenan will be officially founded on 23 August, if everything goes as planned. Delegations, including one from Harrawi, reached a sufficient agreement this week and the small Caribbean island ofNew Courland offered to play host to the organisation's first official summit.

According to sources inside the government, doubts remain however in the ruling IAA party about joining the Exumbran Convention (in its proposed Harrawi name,Istishon Fiyeenom) seeing as the desastrous outcome of the first Council Meeting of FICT has left the party rather sceptical: it doesn't want another new international organisation that Harrawi helped founding, to blow up in its face. The other ruling party, the OID, seems however to be very much in favour of joining. It is perhaps therefore that no official comment has been made by appropriate government ministries since the foreign minister's enthusiastic announcement last week about the progress of the negotiations about the Exumbran Convention. Rumours even went so far as suggesting that the foreign affairs minister, mr. Brayim Iguuyameu (IAA), might be replaced somewhere in the next few weeks and that, unrelated to this, OID has demanded a government shuffle in order to obtain the foreign affairs ministry. In the current Yeshaa Eengatare, the IAA is the largest party (19 seats of 71), followed directly by OID (18 seats).
Harrawi to leave FICT next week ▪ Possibility of 'joined membership' of new organisation with Kpwahele & Nɣurumba
ORYAA, 21 June 2012 - The Democratic Republic of Harrawi will terminate its membership of FICT next Monday, 25 June. This was announced by the ministry of foreign affairs today. The government repeated its disappointment with the achievements made by FICT until now, but added that there was no point anymore to wait for the next Council Meeting in Ísðor (which will start on Tuesday 26 June), as the chance that Harrawi would be able to amend the 'absurd' treaty proposal that is to be discussed during it in order to reform FICT, is almost non existent after Khusqaikama and Dhram Phá announced the unilateral termination of their FICT memberships and Chimor, which has been a member for less than three months, is not likely to send a representative either. The Yeshaa Eengatare (Chamber of Deputies) will therefore denounce the Treaty of Purikali on Monday, thereby formally ending our country's membership of FICT, and it will not send a delegation to the summit in Ísðor. 

In the mean time, the foreign minister, Brayim Iguuyameu (IAA), announced that the talks that have been going on in the Asian country of Huenan since May about founding a substitute organisation, have been fruitful so far and that the perspective of a membership is good. Even a possible name for the organisation has been mentioned quite stubbornly in recent weeks: the Exumbran Convention. Side talks have also been going on with the small South-East African country of Kpwahele & Nɣurumba, which is also interested in joining the new organisation, about the possibility of a shared representation to the new organisation; as the country is too small to be able to afford to send a representative to the organisation itself. The minister said that he was willing to investigate whether this will be legally possible. In the mean time, the minister announced that Harrawi will be intensifying its relations with this fellow muslim country and that he is planning a visit to the capital city of Kpwahele in due course.
Former ambassador to FICT regrets the direction the organisation seems to be taking
ORYAA, 16 June 2012 - Mr. Ury Yaranabon, our former ambassador to the international organisation FICT, has expressed his regret about the turn the organisation seems to be making with its latest proposal to replace the Treaty of Purikali (the founding treaty of FICT) with the Treaty of Ísðor. Although the same in many respects, Yaranabon criticised the significant omissions and alterations of FICT's goals and purposes. 'The new treaty is only a shadow of what the current treaty is', Yaranabon said. 'I guess that the government feared that this would happen when it chose to suspend Harrawi membership indefinitely last April, and I myself confess that there doesn't seem to be much FICT left in the new treaty for our country to value. The current state of FICT is however in my opinion and I would advise the government to lift its self chosen suspension before the summit that will be held at the end of this month in Yukland and vote against the new treaty.'

The foreign affairs ministry commented briefly on mr. Yaranabon's advise, saying that the government is taking many options in consideration. Together with the other FICT member states such as Khusqaikama, Harrawi has been engaged in talks to create a new organisation with more intensive goals. It is therefore expected that Harrawi will leave FICT in favour of the new organisation, if the latter will be successfully founded.
Government fines local television channel after 'debauchery'
ORYAA / MALAA, 10 June 2012 - The minister of media, mr. Hupilulyum Maamutabon, has imposed a fine of 125,000 Harrawi Kunu on the local television channel MalaaTV for 'debaucherous television making'. On Thursday, an episode of the popular MalaaTV soap opera Hup Newiseen ('Under the Skies') showed one of the main female characters, Bushuraa Lawaanabon Ibreeu (portrayed by actress Nyud Ashanyau), enjoying a bit too much the intercourse with her new husband during the wedding night scene. The wedding episode was long awaited and attracted many viewers. The minister called the scene 'unnecessarily provocative' and 'not in line with the standards that a civilised society would expect from an example setting television channel'. He said that the television channel broke the laws of decency broadcasting a scene like this, justifying such a high fine, and announced that he would have the rules reviewed to prevent anything similar from happening in the future.
Harrawi delegation attends diplomatic conference in Huenan
ORYAA / FUU-HIAN, 24 May 2012 - Harrawi diplomats, among whom former ambassador to Ethiopia and the African Union Faruk Aguweliabon, have arrived in theHuenanese capital Fuu-hian to informally discuss the founding of a new international organisation, after FICT collapsed last month. Among the delegations are the FICT member states that prefer a more intensive international economic cooperation, but some new countries are represented as well, such as host country Huenan and the North-American kingdom of Kronenburg. Kronenburg was also present at the founding conference of FICT, but decided not to join. As said, this conference is an informal one and its main goals are to create an effective situation in which a new international organisation can be founded, and possibly to create the first draft of a founding treaty.
Two journalists die in traffic accident
ERIM, 16 May 2012 - Muwasau Shanuyeu and Ali Aawinubon, two journalists of the national newspaper e'Saut sh'Naass were killed yesterday in a traffic accident near the city of Erim, local officials said. The car they drove was hit by a truck and subsequently smashed against a solid wall. According to the Erim officials, Ali Aawinubon drove the car and failed to give way to the truck. They also said that both Aawinubon and Shanuyeu were drunk at the time of the accident. Two months ago, Shanuyeu, who was working for the other large national newspaper sh'Wegunu Harrayoom at the time, wrote a small article about suspected embezzlement of government funds by IAA party officials, causing national indignation. He was fired shortly thereafter and began working for e'Saut sh'Naass.
Harrawi to participate in founding of a new organisation ▪ FICT membership put on hold
ORYAA, 19 April 2012 - In a short declaration, the foreign ministry announced that our country is participating in the creating of a new international organisation that should comply with the goals and purposes set by FICT last year, but which most likely won't be fulfilled after the outcome of the organisation's first Council meeting earlier this month. The ministry expressed disappointment with the achievements made by FICT until now and said that hopes are being put in the new organisation. The ministry also announced that it will suspend the Harrawi membership of FICT for the time being.
First Council meeting of FICT 'disastrous'  Chimor admitted as ninth member of the Forum
DHRAM ĐÚ, 4 April 2012 - In the first Council meeting of the international organisation FICT, that was founded last year, the republic of Chimor became the ninth member of the organisation, Adzhatia, Dhram Phá, Harrawi, Kaupelan, Khusqaikama, Tarmorya, Yukland and Yutyrama being the founding members. Our prime minister, mr. Atusheu Bulinau, expressed his disappointment as well as his concern about the meeting, saying that there were too many differences between some of the other member states, "which should give the organisation's Conference of Ambassadors something to talk about in the next couple of months". The meeting was in fact broken off after tensions about the program budget rose too high and no decision was made thereafter.
Ambassador to FICT Ury Yaranabon denies having called Khusqaikama attitude 'insolent'
ORYAA / PURIKALI, 6 February 2012 - The Harrawi ambassador to FICT, mr. Ury Yaranabon, has denied that he used the word 'insolent' whilst referring to the ongoing lack of a Khusqaian ambassador to FICT, last month. The Adzhatian newspaper 
Śaizeźiś Jatća put this word in the ambassador's mouth in an articleabout the current situation at FICT's last week. The government of Khusqaikama transferred its former ambassador, ms. Kär Nanamexyyry, to another embassy in December last year, without appointing a new one to FICT. The Khusqaian foreign minister has been conducting unilateral negotiations with the Chairwoman of the FICT Conference of Ambassadors through e-mail instead. Although the situation is 'not ideal' at the moment, mr. Yaranabon was quoted saying to the newspaperesh'Umury, applying the word 'insolent' to it is far too exaggerated. Nevertheless, he hopes that Khusqaikama will decide to normalise the relationship with FICT soon, as the organisation's first Council meeting is being planned, which is an important step in its development.
Future of FICT unsure after Dhram Phá and Khusqaikama leaders express serious doubts
ORYAA / PURIKALI / BEIJING, 21 December 2011 - Politicians in Oryaa have reacted sharply on the news that chairman hPáks Thám of Dhram Phá and prime minister Cimada Erittisĭari of Khusqaikama criticised the (lack of) progress FICT has made over the last six months. Foreign affairs minister Brayim Iguuyameu stated that although to outsiders it may seem that FICT is nothing more than a tea-party of people discussing impossible plans, he thinks, from what the Harrawi ambassador to FICT, mr. Ury Yaranabon, has told him, that progress is being made slowly.

'Since the FICT member states are scattered over the world, the building of FICT must be discussed conscientiously', so says the minister. 'It can't just construct specialised organisations without thoroughly investigating the consequences. It would be a shame if the Forum went bankrupt already in its second year of existence.' Harrawi is in favour of founding certain organisations and minister Iguuyameu has offered the Harrawi capital of Oryaa as location for the International Insitute for Industry and Technology (I3T), which was proposed by Khusqaikama. 'But before organisations as the I3T are developped, it must be perfectly clear for as many member states possible that it has a high chance of functioning as it is designed to do.'

Mr. Bashee Kuryog (foreign affairs spokesman of the political party NID) has called it an outrage that country leaders make comments on international affairs whilst apparently drunk, as suggested by the Khusqaian newspaper Aśxa. 'I don't know what they were thinking, but if progress is not being made according one's expectations, the proper thing to do would be address the persons involved and not drowning oneself in alcohol on a Chinese party and spill one's darkest secrets to the press', says mr. Kuryog. 'I agree with them, by the way, that in the last six months, something could already have been established. For now it remains unsure whether a Council meeting will ever take place if the countries' ambassadors keep blocking proposals without presenting alternatives.'

Mr. Kuryog also criticised the Purikali Treaty ratification process by the Adzhatian parliament. 'The new parliament has been functioning for three weeks now. Is the FICT treaty of so little importance to them that they keep postponing it? At this rate and in the light of current developments, they don't have to ratify the treaty at all!'
Yaron Hagasheu elected chairman of parliament
ORYAA, 27 November 2011 - IAA-member Yaron Hagasheu has been elected chairman of the Yeshaa Eengatare today. His election followed several weeks of tough negociations between political parties. Early November, several parties (including the governing party OID) agreed on former prime minister Aames Sanoraabon, but he proved unacceptable for the also ruling IAA, who threatened to dump the slightly smaller OID if it assisted in the election of Sanoraabon.

In the end, Yaron Hagasheu got the support of IAA, OID and IH. Hagasheu (70) can be seen as a temporary solution to the chairman-question. In recent years, he has been a strong supporter of government policies and critics say that with his election the actual power in Harrawi has shifted from parliament to government. The new chairman will be officially installed tomorrow. The IS-party of Aames Sanoraabon has announced to boycot the ceremony.
Sanoraabon mentioned as possible next chairman of parliament
ORYAA, 4 November 2011 - After more than two months of discussion, a breakthrough was made today in parliament about the question who will be the new chairman of parliament, after the death of the last chairman, Maamus Abdurashiabon, at the end of August. Constitutionally, the election of a new chairman is very simple, but as mr. Abdurashiabon made the most of his job and was widely considered to be the most powerful man of the country, none of the parties seemed prepared to give the post to just anyone. Today, five of the eight parties represented in the Yeshaa Eengatare agreed upon former prime minister Aames Sanoraabon (Saag-party): OID, IS, IK, INH and IH. With 38 seats, they have the majority needed to elect the new chairman. The largest party however, the IAA of current prime minister Bulinau, doesn't appear to be very enthusiastic about Sanoraabon; electing him without further negociations could therefore put a strain on the government coalition of IAA and OID. Another larger party yet to convince is NID, although the consent of this party is less necessary.
Republic of Chimor requests FICT membership
ORYAA / PURIKALI (KA) / LINDAVISTA (RC), 4 November 2011 - This week, the FICT Conference of Ambassadors has talked about an application for membership of FICT on the agenda for the next (and first official) summit of the heads of state of the FICT member states: the South American republic of Chimor has requested membership of the organisation. Although the Harrawi government has welcomed a membership of this country of FICT, some parties in the Harrawi parliament warned that it might be wise to have the ratification process of the Purikali Treaty completed by all founding member states before new member states are admitted to FICT. 

'As FICT is a young organisation, I think it is prudent to complete its basic founding before engaging other activities', says mr. Bashee Kuryog of the party NID. 'Although it is the responsibility of each country that has signed the Purikali Treaty to ratify it within an acceptable time, and although it is in the best interest of these countries to conclude the process of ratification as soon as possible, it would be a token of indifference towards the slower countries to just ignore them so soon in the existence of the organisation. At this point, Adzhatia and Yutyrama have not yet ratified the treaty. The political situation in Adzhatia requires that ratification has to wait until after the next elections, which will take place this month. Under normal circumstances, the Adzhatians could have the process completed before the end of the year, so I think FICT should wait until at least 2012 to accept Chimor as a member state.'

According to foreign affairs minister Brayim Iguuyameu however, it isn't likely that the FICT leaders will convene in Council within a month. 'As for the ratification process: both Adzhatia and Yutyrama fully know what they signed up for. For the other countries to wait for them before further developping FICT, is of course an act of courtesy, but not really necessary. The governments are frequently in touch with each other, so the status of the ratification process is being discussed as well.'
Chairman of parliament Maamus Abdurashiabon dies
ORYAA, 31 August 2011 - Maamus Abdurashiabon is dead. He died unexpectedly in his sleep last night, as was announced by his family. In a television speech, president Maamus Uryiabon praised the achievements of mr. Abdurashiabon as a leading figure in our country's most recent history. In 2002 mr. Abdurashiabon played an important role in the revolution that overthrew sultan Faysau; in the years thereafter he was the chairman of the Yeshaa Eengatare, the Harrawi Chamber of Representatives, and as such acting head of state in 2002 and 2003 before the first official president of Harrawi was appointed. Although the country's highest power is infested in the Yeshaa Eengatare, many believed that it was in fact Maamus Abdurashiabon who was the most powerful man of Harrawi. His death therefore casts a large shadow on the country's politics and has created the big question of whoever will be able to walk in his footsteps. On Saturday, a state funeral ceremony will be organised. The Yeshaa Eengatare will then observe a mourning period, after which a new chairman will be elected.
Harrawi ratifies the founding treaty of FICT
ORYAA, 29 August 2011 - The Yeshaa Eengatare, the Harrawi Chamber of Representatives, ratified the founding treaty of the international organisation FICT today with a comfortable majority. The minister of foreign affairs, mr. Brayim Iguuyameu, advised parliament to vote in favour of ratification, 'to allow our country to take part in this great international adventure, that allows it to present itself to the world from a larger platform'.  Not all members of the Yeshaa voted in favour; some parties refused to cast their votes and the sole representative of the Islamic Values party (Aglyawa Slamyawa) voted against. Harrawi is the third country to ratify the treaty, after Dhram Phá and Kaupelan. According to the treaty, it will enter into force when six member countries have ratified it.
Harrawi recognises independence of South Sudan
ORYAA, 9 July 2011 - The government of Harrawi has recognised the independence of South Sudan, which officially seceded from Sudan today. President Maamus Uryiabon congratulated his South Sudanese colleague Salva Kiir Mayardit and wished him many luck and prosperity in the future. Foreign affairs minister Brayim Iguuyameu recently suggested that South Sudan, as a new country, could join the international organisation FICT. South Sudan hasn't however shown interest yet.
Ury Yaranabon appointed ambassador to FICT
ORYAA / PURIKALI (KA), 1 July 2011 - Former foreign minister Ury Yaranabon (59) has been appointed ambassador to the Forum for International Cooperation and Trade (FICT), a spokesman of the foreign ministry announced today. Mr. Yaranabon was minister of foreign affairs from 2002 to 2007. After that, he got a job with the African Union. Mr. Yaranabon will also be accredited for Kaupelan, as the FICT headquarters are located in the Kaupelanese capital. He will start in his new function on 1 August.
Harrawi joins international organisation FICT
PURIKALI (KA), 25 June 2011 - Prime minister Atusheu Bulinau and foreign affairs minister Brayim Iguuyameu were in the Kaupelanese capital of Purikali today to sign the founding treaty of the Forum for International Cooperation and Trade. Minister Iguuyameu called the Harrawi membership of this organisation 'a great day for Harrawi and its people'. Although Harrawi cannot complain about lack of economical attention, the government wanted to spread the wings of Harrawi elsewhere than mostly the African continent and the Arab peninsula. 'More and more diverse friends means that if one of them goes down, there is a better backup, so that not we too are brought down,' the minister said. 

Eight countries signed the treaty, including the North African kingdom of Tarmorya, which has been in Harrawi's inner circle of friendly countries for some years now. 'It is important that we African countries stand up for ourselves, but it is important as well that we are able to present our different cultural qualities within the bond of African countries and make friends with others as well,' the prime minister said. Minister Iguuyameu will travel to all other FICT member states 'very soon' to discuss the improvement of mutual relations, including the establishment of permanent representation.
Grand Mufti warns for 'easy temptations' brought by foreigners
ORYAA, 22 April 2011 - Shau Muwit ('Grand Mufti') Yusuf Ashanueu has warned the people for what he called 'easy temptations' brought to Harrawi by foreign tourists. He criticized the government's latest plans to increase tourism in the cities; the 'perverted foreign holiday resorts' at the coast are at least off limits for the ordinary Harrawi civilian, but such measurements are hard to take in the city - unless the city centre will be closed for civilians as well. 'But the city centres are the hearts of the cities and part of the glorious history of our country and its people. And we mustn't want to deprive the people of their own history so that godless foreigners can have it,' the Shau Muwit said. 'Although undesired, the government's plans are however necessary for our own welfare as well, but we still can keep out evil if we all refrain from doing like them. It will be difficult, for the foreign temptations are easy. But the Harrawi are a proud people, we can face their charms!'
Governing IAA and OID both win one seat, securing a majority ▪ prime minister Bulinau forms new government
ORYAA, 6 April 2011 - Prime minister Atusheu Bulinau will head another government. His party, the Party for Development and Prosperity (IAA), gained one seat and stayed the largest party with 19 seats in the Yeshaa Eengatare, which has a total amount of 71 seats. The second largest government party, the First Democratic Party (OID), also won one seat, resulting in 18 seats. With 37 seats, IAA and OID both have a majority, which means that they no longer need the Saag-party (IS), which until now was the third coalition party. The Saag-party also won one seat. IS-leader and former prime minister Aames Sanoraabon called the other two parties' actions 'understandable' but 'unnecessary'. 'With the Saag-Party's aid, the coalition government would have had 50 seats, which is far more secure than the narrow majority they have now', Sanoraabon said. 'Especially in these difficult times it seems wise to me to have a government that is favoured by as many people as possible'.

The smaller parties lost some seats: the Kumeen-Party (IK), the Party for the People of Harrawi (INH) and the Harunn-Party (IH) each lost  a seat. The Islamic Values party (AS) remained stable with 1 seat, and the New Democratic Party (NID) remained steady on 13 seats. In Harrawi most of the parties are backed by one of the country's clans. This means that the results of the parliamentary elections can more accurately be predicted by demographic figures than by standard opinion polls.
33 parties registered for parliamentary elections
ORYAA, 5 March 2011 - 33 parties have managed to get themselves registered for the upcoming parliamentary elections on 25 March. This was announced today by the chairman of the election committee, mr. Aguweu Aawinubon. Another thirty parties that had applied, were refused because they didn't pay the inscription fee in time or because they didn't manage to collect the required amount of (unforged) signatures. Mr. Aawinubon expressed his disappointment about the large amount of forged signatures; members of the parties concerned may look forward to juridical consequences of their actions.
Concerns over unrest Yemen, Djibouti
ORYAA, 17 February 2011 - Prime minister Atusheu Bulinau (37) has expressed his concerns over the instable situations which some North African and Arab countries are experiencing at the moment; in Yemen, but also in neighbouring country Djibouti many people went on the streets to protest against their governments. Bulinau said that he was hoping that the events won't influence Harrawi negatively. He doesn't think that waves of protests themselves will hit our country, but he fears economical damage if things in the region get out of hand.