Forum for International Cooperation and Trade

Île de Romanhe (Romanhe: Républiq Île de Romanhe) is a volcanic island in the southern Indian Ocean, about 1500 kilometers north west of the Kerguelen and 2500 kilometer south east of South-Africa. It is an isolated, scarsely populated and mountaineous country, with a mostly cold and windy climate. The archipelago was created by a giant prehistorical eruption. The highest mountains tower more than 2000 meters above sea level. Until 1982, the country was a French colony named 'Île de Boiguehenneuc', but on 31 December of that year, the country became independent.

PEOPLE
Area:4,285 km2
Inhabitants:75,253 (est. 1/1/2023)
Density: 17.56 inh/km2
City top five (with inhabitants):
  ▪ Port de Boiguehenneuc (46,748)
  ▪ Port Augurq (8,912)
  ▪ La Mère à Boire (5,864)
  ▪ Pointe d'Est (2,730)
  ▪ Estilhe (2,645)
Languages: Romanhe, French
Religions: Roman Catholic (95%), other (5%)
Universities: Port de Boiguehenneuc (founded in 1976)
Official holidays: 31 December (Independence Day)
National anthem: "Les Feux de ma Terre"
Flag:



POLITICS
Official name: Républiq Île de Romanhe
Form of government: republic
Independence: 1982
Capital: Port de Boiguehenneuc
Administrative division: eight districts
Head of state: Guimarc Bonamy (FS, since 2018)
Parliament: Azemble Romanhe (65 seats; elections once every four years).
Political parties: Floq Naxlopa d`Île de Romanhe (FNIR, nationalistic party), Union Républicaine d`Île de Romaine (URIR, liberal), Floq Kamzher Romanhe (FKR, peoples party), Floq Socialiste (FS, socialist party), Parti pour le Progrès du Peuple (PPP)
Head of government: Guillaume Keztil-Surt (URIR, since 2018)
Minister of foreign affairs: François Thémarel-Kernès (FKR, since 2014)

FOREIGN RELATIONS
Member of FICT: since 27 June 2012
Member of other organisations: (among others) United Nations (1983), African Union, Unesco, Unctad, WHO, FAO, ILO, OECD, IMF, World Bank, AGL, VFS
Ambassador to FICT: Mr Thimard Bonamy (since 25 May 2016)
Diplomatic relations with FICT member states:
  ▪ Adzhatia: Mr Aristide Mâchefer (based in Stockholm, Sweden)
  ▪ Harrawi: Mr Gaëtan Naozer (based in Nairobi, Kenya)
  ▪ Kaupelan: Mr Hervé Urz Bolhe (based in Jakarta, Indonesia)
  ▪ Kronenburg: Mr Germain Urz Bolhe (based in Washington, USA)
  ▪ Republic of MAS: Mr Gaëtan Naozer (based in Nairobi, Kenya)
  ▪ New Courland: Ms Mélanie Vauzé Kezt (based in Mexico City, Mexico)
  ▪ Tarmorya: Mr Guimarc Mâchefer (based in Cairo, Egypt)
  ▪ Voskia: Mr Felix Zjem Janumoy (based in Paris, France)
  ▪ Yukland: Mr Aristide Mâchefer (based in Stockholm, Sweden)
  ▪ Yutyrama: Mr Aristide Kernès Boncoeur (based in Brasilia, Brazil)


GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
Highest mountain: Piton du Soufre Fétide (2045 m)
Largest lake: L'Eau Bleue Reservoir
Climate: moderate climate with precipitation in all season
Av. temperature in January and July: 16.5°C, 4°C
Av. quantity of rain: 620 mm. a year
Time zone: UTC + 4

ECONOMY
GDP: $234.85 million = 3,121.16 per capita (2022)
Currency: IR Franc (1 IR Franc = $ 0.01)
Inflation: 8% (2022)
Unemployment: 6% (2022)
Working population: agriculture (20%); industry (29%); services (51%)
Export: raw materials, textile
Import: oil, coal, technological products, food
Main partners: South-Africa, China, India, Australia
Main businesses: Union Minière Romanhe (mining), TéléRomanhe, Irtel (telecom), A.I.R. (Air d'Île de Romanhe, airline)

MEDIA
Main newspapers: La Dépêche d'Île de Romanhe (daily edition of 5900 copies)
Main television channels:
Website:
Internet extension: .ri
Car code: RI