ˇ Presidential elections in Slovenia in December 2017 ˇ


European Heads of State
1. Currently 42 republics and thirteen monarchies are located in Europe. In the table below, the heads of state of the republics are presented on a grey background, those of the monarchies on a red background.
2
. Eight of the incumbent heads of state are women: the queens of the United Kingdom and Denmark, as well as the presidents of Lithuania, Malta, Croatia, Estonia, and Switzerland. San Marino can add one or two of their Captains Regent to this list, but since they are elected every six months, the situation changes often.
3. As said, the republic of San Marino has two heads of state: two Captains Regent are elected every six months - which makes it very hard to find any decent pictures of them on the internet before their time is up; you will therefore find their space empty most of the time.
4. The principality of Andorra, too, has two heads of state: the bishop of Urgel (Spain) and the descendants of the count of Foix (France) are both co-princes. In modern times the president of France serves as the French co-prince (his or her picture is listed under 'France').
5. Bosnia and Hercegovina have a three-member rotating presidency consisting of a Bosniak, a Croat and a Serb. They are chosen for a four-year term. One of them is president of the presidency; this system rotates every eight months. The current members are Mladen Ivanić (Serb), Dragan Čović (Croat) and Bakir Izetbegović (Bosniak).
6. The head of state of Switzerland is the presiding member of the Swiss Federal Council. He or she is elected for one year. Traditionally the duty rotates among the members in order of seniority and the previous year's vice-president becomes president the next year.


ANDORRA
Andorra
co-prince (see above)
Joan Enric Vives i Sicília
since 12 May 2003

АҦСНЫ
Abkhazia
president
Raul Khadjimba
since 25 September 2014

AZƏRBAYCAN
Azerbaijan
president
İlham Əliyev
since 31 October 2003

БЕЛАРУСЬ
Belarus
president
Alyaksandar Lukashenka
since 20 July 1994

BELGIË ˇ BELGIQUE ˇ
BELGIEN ˇ
Belgium
king
Philippe
since 21 July 2013

BOSNA I HERCEGOVINA
Bosnia and Hercegovina
president
Dragan Čović
since 17 July 2017

БЪЛГАРИЯ
Bulgaria
president
Rumen Radev
since 22 January 2017

ČESKÁ REPUBLIKA
Czech Republic
president
Miloš Zeman
since 8 March 2013

CITTŔ DEL VATICANO
Vatican City (Holy See)
pope
Franciscus
since 13 March 2013

CRNA GORA
Montenegro
president
Filip Vujanović
since 3 June 2006

DANMARK
Denmark
queen
Margrethe II
since 14 January 1972

DEUTSCHLAND
Germany
president
Frank-Walter Steinmeier
since 19 March 2017

EESTI
Estonia
president
Kersti Kaljulaid
since 10 October 2016

ÉIRE
Ireland
president
Michael D. Higgins
since 11 November 2011

ΕΛΛΑΔΑ
Greece
president
Prokopis Pavlopoulos
since 13 March 2015

ESPAŃA
Spain
king
Felipe VI
since 19 June 2014

FRANCE
France
president
Emmanuel Macron
since 14 May 2017


Armenia
president
Serzh Sargsyan
since 9 April 2008

HRVATSKA
Croatia
president
Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović
since 19 February 2015

ÍSLAND
Iceland
president
Guđni Th. Jóhannesson
since 1 August 2016

ITALIA
Italy
president
Sergio Mattarella
since 3 February 2015

ҚАЗАҚСТАН
Kazakhstan
president
Nursultan Nazarbayev
since 16 December 1991

ХУССАР ИРЫСТОН
South Ossetia
president
Anatoly Bibilov
since 21 April 2017

KIBRIS
Northern Cyprus
president
Mustafa Akıncı
since 30 April 2015

KOSOVË
Kosovo
president
Hashim Thaçi
since 7 April 2016

ΚΥΠΡΟΣ
Southern Cyprus
president
Nicos Anastasiades
since 28 February 2013

LATVIJA
Latvia
president
Raimonds Vējonis
since 8 July 2015

LËTZEBUERG
Luxembourg
grand duke
Henri
since 7 October 2000

LIECHTENSTEIN
Liechtenstein
prince
Hans Adam II
since 13 November 1989

LIETUVA
Lithuania
president
Dalia Grybauskaitė
since 12 July 2009

MAGYARÓRSZAG
Hungary
president
János Áder
since 2 May 2012

МАКЕДОНИЈА
Macedonia
president
Gjorge Ivanov
since 12 May 2009

MALTA
Malta
president
Marie Louise Coleiro Preca
since 4 April 2014

MOLDOVA
Moldova
president
Igor Dodon
since 23 December 2016

MONACO
Monaco
prince
Albert II
since 6 April 2005

NEDERLAND
The Netherlands
king
Willem-Alexander
since 30 April 2013

NORGE
Norway
king
Harald V
since 17 January 1991

ORDINE DI MALTA
Order of Malta
lieutenant grand master
Fra' Giacomo Dalla Torre
since 30 April 2017

ÖSTERREICH
Austria
president
Alexander van der Bellen
since 26 January 2017

POLSKA
Poland
president
Andrzej Duda
since 6 August 2015

PORTUGAL
Portugal
president
Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
since 9 March 2016

ROMÂNIA
Romania
president
Klaus Iohannis
since 21 December 2014

РОССИЯ
Russia
president
Vladimir Putin
since 7 May 2012


Georgia
president
Giorgi Margvelashvili
since 17 November 2013

SAN MARINO
captains regent
Mimma Zavoli
& Vanessa D'Ambrosio
since 1 April 2017

SCHWEIZ
ˇ SUISSE ˇ
SVIZZERA ˇ SVIZRA
Switzerland, president
Doris Leuthard
since 1 January 2017

SHQIPËRI
Albania
president
Ilir Meta
since 24 July 2017

SLOVENIJA
Slovenia
president
Borut Pahor
since 22 december 2012

SLOVENSKO
Slovakia
president
Andrej Kiska
since 15 June 2014

СРБИЈА
Serbia
president
Aleksandar Vučić
since 31 May 2017

SUOMI
ˇ FINLAND
Finland
president
Sauli Niinistö
since 1 March 2012

SVERIGE
Sweden
king
Carl XVI Gustaf
since 19 September 1973

TÜRKİYE
Turkey
president
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
since 28 August 2014

УКРАЇНА
Ukraine
president
Petro Poroshenko
since 7 June 2014

UNITED KINGDOM
United Kingdom
queen
Elizabeth II
since 6 February 1952