The most important judicial document is the constitution, which has been changed a number of times since its original version of 1744; the last changes occurred in 1991. The Costitusiȯsćeni Hunx (Constitutional Court) sees that laws created by the government or the Źu̇x́o are in line with the constitution. The Constitutional Court consists of seven judges, who are nominated by the government and the Źu̇x́o and appointed for life by the governor.
The other courts are the Vutenė Ragihė Hunxexe (Courts of First Instance), which are responsible for all first instances in civil and public law, except criminal law, for which the Xeharq́usćenė Ȧśib́ȧv́ė Hunxexe (Criminal Courts) are responsible. The Celegėtė Hunxexe (Courts of Appeal) are responsible for second instances. The Casasiav́ė Hunx (Court of Cassation) does not re-examine the facts of a case, as it is only competent for verifying the interpretation of the law. Judges of these courts are appointed by the government for a three year term. They can be reappointed in the same court for a second term of three years, and then again for a third term of one year.
Every Cėv́i (City/Town) and Remi (Field), and sometimes also Ȧshulėxe (Regions) have a Cėv́isćeni, Remisćeni resp. Ȧshulėsćeni Avocat (City/Town, Field or Regional Attorney), who determines whether an offender should be prosecuted or not. In Remixe it is often the case that the Gizeuhė (Sheriff) is also the Remisćeni Avocat.
Order is maintained locally by the police. On the national level, the X́ahalȧv́ėn Źuv́ėzetesćeni Ṕoletexe (X́ŹṔ, or the Governor's Security Forces) have police tasks, although they are formally part of the army. Both the police in larger cities and the X́ŹṔ are known for their hard-handed way of dealing arrests, and when the arrested person turns out to be an innocent passer-by, it is very difficult to get an indemnification in the case of corporal damage.
Punishment for rape and murder are the highest: a convicted person can get life imprisonment for these offenses. Although Cartyas doesn't have the death penalty, people rarely survive more than ten years in prison; if a prisoner isn't killed by fellow prisoners or occasionally the warders, bad hygienic circumstances contribute to a rapidly shortened life span. International criticism regarding this situation is generally ignored by the government of Cartyas.